orthogonality


The Double Cap Conjecture ★★

Author(s): Kalai

\begin{conjecture} The largest measure of a Lebesgue measurable subset of the unit sphere of $\mathbb{R}^n$ containing no pair of orthogonal vectors is attained by two open caps of geodesic radius $\pi/4$ around the north and south poles. \end{conjecture}

Keywords: combinatorial geometry; independent set; orthogonality; projective plane; sphere

Circular colouring the orthogonality graph ★★

Author(s): DeVos; Ghebleh; Goddyn; Mohar; Naserasr

Let ${\mathcal O}$ denote the graph with vertex set consisting of all lines through the origin in ${\mathbb R}^3$ and two vertices adjacent in ${\mathcal O}$ if they are perpendicular.

\begin{problem} Is $\chi_c({\mathcal O}) = 4$? \end{problem}

Keywords: circular coloring; geometric graph; orthogonality

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