Circular flow number of regular class 1 graphs ★★

Author(s): Steffen

A nowhere-zero $ r $-flow $ (D(G),\phi) $ on $ G $ is an orientation $ D $ of $ G $ together with a function $ \phi $ from the edge set of $ G $ into the real numbers such that $ 1 \leq |\phi(e)| \leq r-1 $, for all $ e \in E(G) $, and $ \sum_{e \in E^+(v)}\phi(e) = \sum_{e \in E^-(v)}\phi(e), \textrm{ for all } v \in V(G) $. The circular flow number of $ G $ is inf$ \{ r | G $ has a nowhere-zero $ r $-flow $ \} $, and it is denoted by $ F_c(G) $.

A graph with maximum vertex degree $ k $ is a class 1 graph if its edge chromatic number is $ k $.

Conjecture   Let $ t \geq 1 $ be an integer and $ G $ a $ (2t+1) $-regular graph. If $ G $ is a class 1 graph, then $ F_c(G) \leq 2 + \frac{2}{t} $.

Keywords: nowhere-zero flow, edge-colorings, regular graphs