# Hirsch Conjecture (Solved)

 Importance: High ✭✭✭
 Author(s): Hirsch, Warren M.
 Subject: Geometry » Polytopes
 Keywords: diameter polytope
 Posted by: Robert Samal on: May 11th, 2007
 Solved by: Francisco Santos
Conjecture   Let be a convex -polytope with facets. Then the diameter of the graph of the polytope is at most .

(Originally appeared in [D], this discussion appears as [M].)

Many special cases of this conjecture have been verified, and in particular, the case of -polytopes was settled by Naddef by an elegant proof in [N], and further generalized in [MT]. However, in the general case, the Hirsch conjecture is known only for . It is even open if there is a polynomial upper bound on the diameter. Kalai and Kleitman [KK] found a quasi-polynomial bound by proving that the diameter is bounded by .

The special case of Hirsch Conjecture, the -step conjecture, asserts that the diameter is equal to if the polytope has precisely facets. The -step conjecture has been verified for , and similarly as the Hirsch Conjecture, it is completely open for higher dimensions. This has been the situation for the past 50 years, and there is no evidence for essential progress.

## Bibliography

*[D] G. B. Dantzig: Linear Programming and Extensions, Princeton University Press (1963).

[KK] G. Kalai and D. J. Kleitman, A quasi-polynomial bound for the diameter of graphs of polyhedra, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 26 (1992), 315-316.

[MT] T. Matsui and S. Tamura, Adjacency on combinatorial polyhedra, Discrete Appl. Math. 56 (1995) 311-321.

[N] D. Naddef, The Hirsch conjecture is true for (0,1)-polytopes, Math. Progr. (Ser. B) 45 (1989) 109-110.

[M] B. Mohar, Problem of the Month

* indicates original appearance(s) of problem.

### Santos arXiv paper

Here is Santos's arXiv paper with the counterexample: http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2814. --Joseph O'Rourke

### there are someone who's working on it...

<< Santos, Francisco (University of Cantabria, Spain) A counter-example to the Hirsch conjecture

Victor Klee came to the Department of Mathematics to talk to me. We had a nice conversation during which he asked "Why don't you try to disprove the Hirsch Conjecture?" This talk is the answer to that question.

I will describe the construction of a 43-dimensional polytope with 86 facets and diameter bigger than 43. The proof is based on a generalization of the -step theorem of Klee and Walkup. >>

best regards.

J.R.!

### Settled

This conjecture has been settled in the negative by Francisco Santos.

### Thats what i thought

Is there a difference from the negative to the positive? renters insurance quotes