A gold-grabbing game
Setup Fix a tree and for every vertex a non-negative integer which we think of as the amount of gold at .
2-Player game Players alternate turns. On each turn, a player chooses a leaf vertex of the tree, takes the gold at this vertex, and then deletes . The game ends when the tree is empty, and the winner is the player who has accumulated the most gold.
In the special case when is a path of even length, the first player can ensure that she chooses either all of the even vertices, or all of the odd vertices. Thus, player 1 should never finish with less than player 2, and whenever the total gold on the odd vertices and the total gold on the even vertices are not equal, there is a winning strategy for player 1.
* indicates original appearance(s) of problem.